BAC 2008


Transparency International

PART 1: READING                                                                                               (15 points)

            Read the text carefully then do the activities.


A. COMPREHENSION                                                                                                  (08pts)

The global anti-corruption organization Transparency International (TI) has reported corruption is increasing around the world. A TI press release reports there is serious corruption in most of the world’s countries. TI’s yearly survey questions businesspeople and public officials to find out how corrupt a country is. Bangladesh and Chad finished bottom as the most corrupt countries, while Iceland finished top. Finland and New Zealand were the second and third cleanest nations. Corruption is declining in Turkey and Nigeria, but increasing in Russia and Canada.

TI chairman Peter Eigen said: “Corruption is a major cause of poverty as well as a barrier to [reducing] it.” He also said corruption and poverty lock people in a “cycle of misery”. Mr. Eigen warned corruption must be reduced to free people from poverty. David Nussbaum, TI’s chief executive, stated: “Corruption isn’t a natural disaster: it is the cold…theft of opportunity from the men, women and children who are least able to protect themselves.” He also said leaders needed to keep their promises to help poor people. The world has made a target to halve extreme poverty by 2015.

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