Part one: Reading (15pts)
Read the following text carefully then do the activities.
The English Educational System
Education in England is divided into: primary, secondary, further and higher education. Compulsory education lasts for 11 years; statutory schooling ages are between 5 and 16years. Children are legally required to start attending at the beginning of the term after their fifth birthday, however children often start earlier than this. Pupils are required to stay at school until the last Friday in June of the school year in which they reach 16 years of age. During this time children must receive full-time education that is suited to their age, ability, aptitude and special educational needs (SEN). If a child does not attend school, the local education authority (LEA) must be satisfiedthat an other appropriate provision is available .
Most pupils move from primary to secondary school at the age of 11. However, a system of middle schools also exists; here pupils are transferred from primary at either age 8 or 9 years, then onto secondary education at age 12or 13 years. Most secondary schools in England are comprehensive, these do not operate a selective entrance system .However, in some parts of England. A grammar school system also operates whereby pupils are usually required to pass an entrance examination based on their ability.
Schools in the state sector are financed by the government and administered through education authorities, although many schools now manage their own finances and are known as granted maintained schools. No financial contribution to a child’s education is required of the parents.